The present church of ST. NICHOLAS is generally said to have been built in 1614 from the ruins of a former building which had been washed away by the River Thames.

A 16th-century drawing which includes a distant view of Shepperton church shows it standing to the south-east of the present manor-house. Land here was known as the Old Churchyard or Old Churchyard Close in 1734 and later, and in the early 19th century the rector received a rent for it. Elias Ashmole (1617- 92) was probably referring to Shepperton church when he said that a church had been swallowed up by the waves at the same time as Cowey was cut off from Middlesex.

He seems to have dated the event too early, for Aubrey, recalling his statement in 1718, said it had happened two or three hundred years before. The earliest specific reference to the destruction of Shepperton church by flood occurs in 1790. Whether it was destroyed by a single flood or not, there is certainly evidence of encroachment by the river in the preceding centuries and the 19thcentury shape of Old Churchyard Close suggests that part had been removed by the river. The origin in printed sources of the year 1614 as the date of the present church is a now vanished inscription on the communion table which was mentioned about 1867.

It may in fact have been built rather earlier: between 1590 and 1592 two people gave and lent money to build the new church and in his will, dated and proved in 1592, the rector John Childmell directed that he should be buried in the new chancel.

The present church is a small cruciform building of flint and stone, partly chequered and incorporating medieval material. It originally consisted of a nave, transepts, chancel, and west tower. The west door and tower arch both survive from the building of c. 1600, but the rest of the tower was rebuilt in 1710, largely at the expense of the
rector, Lewis Atterbury. It is of brick with an embattled parapet and is nearly twice as long from north to south as from east to west. The general style of the church is late Perpendicular.

Some of the windows have been enlarged, but there are few of them and the nave is further darkened by the gallery at the west end. This is approached through the tower by a stone staircase outside, and there is another gallery in the north transept, which is also approached by an outside stair and formerly belonged to the manor-house. Both galleries appear to be of the 18th or early 19th century. That in the nave is inscribed with texts and bears the royal arms of 1801-16.

The poppy-head pews date from the early 19th century: they used to extend into the transepts but were removed when the south transept was made into a chapel in 1951. The trussed-rafter roofs were ceiled at about the same time. The brick vestries on the south of the chancel were added in 1934.

There are three floor-slabs of 1675-1715, and a number of 18th- and 19th-century wall monuments. Among those commemorated are members of the Russell family (1806-67) and the Winch family (1863-76). An ancient octagonal font is said to have been removed from the church in 1710. The present one is modern. In 1877 a new peal of five bells was installed to replace the single bell. In 1685 the church had a 'little cup and cover and a little plate', all of silver. None of the plate now dates from before the 19th century. The registers date from 1574, with gaps in the early 17th century.

In the 16th century the rent of 2 acres of land was devoted to the maintenance of the church. This was probably part of the land known in the 19th century as the Church Lands, which lay between Charlton Road and the River Ash. It was bought by the urban district council in 1944 to be a public open space. The stock then purchased produced an income of £11 in 1956 which was used for church expenses. Frederick Goddard gave a house called Ashcroft in Linden Way for the maintenance of the church in 1924.